Temperature-Dependent Contact of Weakly Interacting Single-Component Fermi Gases and Loss Rate of Degenerate Polar Molecules

Motivated by the experimental realization of single-component degenerate Fermi gases of polar ground state \mathrmKRb molecules with intrinsic two-body losses [L. De Marco, G. Valtolina, K. Matsuda, W. G. Tobias, J. P. Covey, and J. Ye, A degenerate Fermi gas of polar molecules,Science 363, 853 (2019)], this work studies the finite-temperature loss rate of single-component Fermi gases with weak interactions.
First, we establish a relationship between the two-body loss rate and the p-wave contact.
Second, we evaluate the contact of the homogeneous system in the low-temperature regime using p-wave Fermi liquid theory and in the high-temperature regime using the second-order virial expansion.
Third, conjecturing that there are no phase transitions between the two temperature regimes, we smoothly interpolate the results to intermediate temperatures.
It is found that the contact is constant at temperatures close to zero and increases first quadratically with increasing temperature and finally—in agreement with the Bethe-Wigner threshold law—linearly at high temperatures.
Fourth, applying the local-density approximation, we obtain the loss-rate coefficient for the harmonically trapped system, reproducing the experimental KRb loss measurements within a unified theoretical framework over a wide temperature regime without fitting parameters.
Our results for the contact are not only applicable to molecular p-wave gases but also to atomic single-component Fermi gases, such as ^40\textK and ^6\textLi.